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De oase van Bahla dankt zijn welvaart aan de Banu Nebhan, de dominante stam in het gebied van de 12e eeuw tot het einde van de 15e eeuw na Christus.
De belangrijkste elementen van het architectonische geheel van Bahla zijn intact gebleven.
The remaining mud brick family compounds of traditional vernacular houses (harats) including al-Aqr, al-Ghuzeili, al-Hawulya and the associated mosques, audience halls (sablas), bath houses, together with the dwellings of the fort guards (askari) demonstrate a distinctive settlement pattern related to the location of the falaj.
The importance of the settlement is enhanced by the Friday mosque with its highly ornate mihrab and the remains of the old, semi-covered market (souq), comprising a complex of single-storey shops fronting onto narrow lanes, the whole enclosed by an outer wall.
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 تدين واحة بهلا الصحراوية بازدهارها لبني نبهان الذين فرضوا سيطرتهم على باقي المجتمعات بين القرن الثاني عشر ونهاية القرن الخامس عشر.
وتظهر قوّتهم من خلال أنقاض القلعة الكبيرة التي تتميز بجدران وأبراج من الآجر الخام ومن أسس حجرية وهي المثال الواضح لهذا النوع من التحصينات.
Consolidation works to some sections of the fort including Bayt al-Jabal, the entrance hall (sabah), and north-west and south-west walls using inappropriate materials were carried out in the early 1990s, and an audience hall (sabla) in the courtyard was demolished in 1992.Comprising mostly earthen structures however, they are vulnerable to decay and inadequate site drainage and, in the case of the souq, are vulnerable to reconstruction in modern materials.The falaj system and water course on which the settlement depends, together with the historic routes linking the settlement to other towns in the interior, extend far beyond its boundary.Source: Brief synthesis The immense, ruined Bahla Fort, with its walls and towers of mud brick on stone foundations and the adjacent Friday Mosque with its decoratively sculpted prayer niche (mihrab) dominate the surrounding mud brick settlement and palm grove.The fort and settlement, a mud-walled oasis in the Omani desert, owed its prosperity to the Banu Nebhan tribe (Nabahina), who dominated the central Omani region and made Bahla their capital from the 12th to the end of the 15th century.